Common name: Wayaka Shimaron, Bera, Holywood Lignum-vitae
Height: Up to 7 meters (23ft) in height with a trunk diameter of 50 cm (20 in)
Features: Beautiful blue flowers, bright orange/yellow berries, rounded crown of drooping branches
Propagation: Seed directly after collecting seeds, slow to germinate. The seeds measure about one centimetre in length.
Growing: Keep away from lizzards ones they germinate. Once established doesn't need much water
Location: A largish tree so give it space but put it somewhere you can see the beautiful flowers
Conservation: Guaiacum Sanctum was listed as an endangered species by the IUCN in 1998.
The Guaiacum sanctum is a slow growing dry forest tree which produces beautiful blue flowers, either solitarily or in clusters. These flowers have five petals and usually measure just over a centimetre across. The leaves comprise of three to five pairs of dark green leaflets, which measure about three centimetres in length and have a small point at the tip. During the hottest part of the day, the leaflet pairs may sometimes fold together.
The fruits of this species have four or five lobes and are bright orange-yellow when mature. They open to expose red, fleshy seed coverings which contain the hard, black, rounded seeds.
The Guaiacum Sanctum generally grows as a relatively low tree with a gnarled truck and a spreading, rounded crown of drooping branches. Its wood is notable for its unique greenish-brown colour. The wood is strong and dense, and sinks when placed in water. The tree is essentially evergreen.